28C3 - Version 2.3.5

28th Chaos Communication Congress
Behind Enemy Lines

Speakers
Travis Goodspeed
Schedule
Day Day 1 - 2011-12-27
Room Saal 1
Start time 18:30
Duration 01:00
Info
ID 4766
Event type Lecture
Track Hacking
Language used for presentation English
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802.11 Packets in Packets

A Standard-Compliant Exploit of Layer 1

New to 2011, Packet-in-Packet exploits allow for injection of raw radio frames into remote wireless networks. In these exploits, an attacker crafts a string that when transmitted over the air creates the symbols of a complete and valid radio packet. When radio interference damages the beginning of the outer packet, the receiver is tricked into seeing only the inner packet, allowing a frame to be remotely injected. The attacker requires no radio, and injection occurs without a software or hardware bug.

This lecture presents the first implementation of Packet-in-Packet injection for 802.11B, allowing malicious PHY-Layer frames to be remotely injected. The attack is standards-compliant and compatible with all vendors and drivers.

Unlike the simpler implementations for 802.15.4 and 2FSK, 802.11B presents a number of unique challenges to the PIP implementer. A single packet can use up to three symbol sets and three data-rates, switching rates once within the header and a second time for the beginning of the body. Additionally, a 7-bit scrambler randomizes the encoding of each packet, so the same string of text can be represented 128 different ways at the exact same rate and encoding.

This lecture presents the first implementation of Packet-in-Packet injection for 802.11B, allowing malicious PHY-Layer frames to be remotely injected. The attack is standards-compliant and compatible with all vendors and drivers.

As a demo, we intend to present a malicious string which can be embedded in any file with lots of slack space, such as an ISO image. When this image is downloaded over HTTP on 802.11B, beacon frames will be injected. For the demo, we will be injecting the SSID stack buffer overflow frames from Uninformed Volume 6.